Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Efficacy of systemic diclofenac sodium on intravitreal concentration

(2018) Efficacy of systemic diclofenac sodium on intravitreal concentration. International Ophthalmology. pp. 99-104. ISSN 0165-5701

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Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as an alternative, are replacing corticosteroids in ocular inflammatory diseases. Diclofenac has been usedmainly topically, and recent focus has been on intravitreal delivery. Both of these methods have been shown to have complications in long-term application. Purpose To assess the efficacy of slow release oral diclofenac sodium on intravitreal concentration in experimental model of chemically injured eyes. Methods In an experimental double-masked clinical trial, right eyes of 24 albino rabbits were chemically injured by 1 N NaOH. One hour after chemical injury, 10 cc suspension gavage containing 100 mg slow release diclofenac sodium was administered in all cases. 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, 48 h after gavage, vitreous samples were obtained in all cases. Intravitreal concentration of diclofenac sodium was evaluated in all samples using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Results Intravitreal diclofenac levels by oral intake were enhanced by the inflammation in all the measurements. In inflamed eyes, diclofenac concentration was ten times more than control eye (2.658 +/- 0.344 vs. 0.242 +/- 0.0279 and 1.617 +/- 0.527 vs. 0.148 +/- 0.095; in 2 and 4 h, respectively). After 6 h, diclofenac concentration was statistically different, although it reduced below 1 mu g/ml. Conclusion Diclofenac is delivered to the inflamed eye more than healthy eye. It seems that by oral diclofenac consumption, it is possible to make a significant intravitreal concentration.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Vitreous Diclofenac Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Slow release Chemical injury diabetic macular edema reducing postoperative inflammation photorefractive keratectomy ketorolac tromethamine intraocular-pressure topical diclofenac pain cataract pharmacokinetics triamcinolone Ophthalmology
Page Range: pp. 99-104
Journal or Publication Title: International Ophthalmology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 38
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0165-5701
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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