Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Complications in a series of 4400 paediatric cochlear implantation

(2015) Complications in a series of 4400 paediatric cochlear implantation. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. pp. 1401-1403. ISSN 0165-5876

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Objectives: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review the complications of paediatric patients undergoing cochlear implantation at four major Iranian cochlear implant centres. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of all patients who underwent primary cochlear implantation from January 1991 to December 2013. The patients were reviewed for demographic information, and complications including cerebrospinal fluid leak, meningitis, facial palsy, and wound infection. Results: 4400 records were reviewed. Fifty-four patients were lost to follow-up; therefore, 4346 records were analysed. The most common aetiology of hearing loss was non-syndromic genetic sensori-neural hearing loss (69). Other less common aetiologies of hearing loss included TORCH (Toxoplasmosis, Other infections, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes) (11), syndromic hearing loss (7), ototoxicity (5), and autoimmune inner-ear disease (4). The most common major complications were CSF leak (0.4), skin necrosis (0.2), meningitis (0.1), facial paralysis (0.07) and massive haemorrhage (0.05). Conclusion: Cochlear implantation continues to be reliable and safe in experienced hands, with a very low percentage of severe complications. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cochlear implantation Iran Complication surgical complications deaf-children surgery management infants age Otorhinolaryngology Pediatrics
Page Range: pp. 1401-1403
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 79
Number: 9
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0165-5876
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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