Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Sulfur mustard-induced poikiloderma: A case report

(2011) Sulfur mustard-induced poikiloderma: A case report. Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology. pp. 170-174. ISSN 1556-9527

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Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent chemical warfare agent that was widely used during the First World War and the Iran-Iraq conflict. This vesicant agent causes several acute and chronic effects on the skin, eye, and respiratory system. We report the case of a 41-year-old man who was injured with SM in Iraq chemical attack in 1988. After exposure, he developed severe skin blisters on his upper trunk, dorsum of hands, and genitalia. Based on several clinical observations, such as atrophy, pigmentation, and vascular changes on genitalia with relevant findings in histopathological studies, persistent pigmentation, and damaged skin appendix in hand lesions, a diagnosis of "SM-induced poikiloderma" was postulated. The absence of any complication on the palmar aspect of hands is another remarkable finding in presented case, which suggests a plausible role of the palms as a vector for transporting SM to other sites of the skin.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Sulfur mustard poikiloderma atrophy pigmentation vascular change chemical warfare cutaneous lesions gas manifestations toxicology exposure Ophthalmology Toxicology
Page Range: pp. 170-174
Journal or Publication Title: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 30
Number: 2
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1556-9527
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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