Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Iranian Medical Specialists regarding Hepatitis B and C

(2010) Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Iranian Medical Specialists regarding Hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis Monthly. pp. 176-182. ISSN 1735-143X

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Background and Aims: Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of contracting and spreading hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) to others. The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and behavior of physicians concerning HBV and HCV. Methods: A 29-item questionnaire (reliability coefficient = 0.7) was distributed at two national/regional congresses and two university hospitals in Iran. Five medical groups (dentists, general practitioners, paraclinicians, surgeons and internists) received 450 questionnaires in 2009, of which 369 questionnaires (82) were filled out. Results: Knowledge about routes of transmission of HBV and HCV, prevalence rate and seroconversion rates secondary to a needlestick injury was moderate to low. Concern about being infected with HBV and HCV was 69.4 +/- 2.1 and 76.3 +/- 2 (out of 100), respectively. Complete HBV vaccination was done on 88.1 of the participants. Sixty percent had checked their hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), and 83.8 were positive. Only 24 of the surgeons often used double gloves and 28 had reported a needlestick. There was no significant correlation between the different specialties and: concern about HBV and HCV; the underreporting of needlestick injuries; and correct knowledge of post-needlestick HBV infection. Conclusions: Although our participants were afraid of acquiring HBV and HCV, knowledge about routes of transmission, prevalence, protection and post-exposure seroconversion rates was unsatisfactory. By making physicians aware of possible post-exposure prophylaxis, the underreporting of needlestick injuries could be eliminated. Continuous training about HBV and HCV transmission routes, seroconversion rates, protection, as well as hepatitis B vaccination and checking the anti-HBs level, is a matter of necessity.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Health Knowledge Attitudes Practices Iran health-care workers needlestick injuries viral-hepatitis virus infection dentists exposure surgeons risk hbv Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Page Range: pp. 176-182
Journal or Publication Title: Hepatitis Monthly
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 10
Number: 3
ISSN: 1735-143X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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