Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries

(2020) Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries. Nature. pp. 231-234. ISSN 00280836 (ISSN)

[img] Text
Mapping child growth failure across low- and middle-income countries.pdf

Download (45MB)

Official URL:


Childhood malnutrition is associated with high morbidity and mortality globally1. Undernourished children are more likely to experience cognitive, physical, and metabolic developmental impairments that can lead to later cardiovascular disease, reduced intellectual ability and school attainment, and reduced economic productivity in adulthood2. Child growth failure (CGF), expressed as stunting, wasting, and underweight in children under five years of age (0–59 months), is a specific subset of undernutrition characterized by insufficient height or weight against age-specific growth reference standards3–5. The prevalence of stunting, wasting, or underweight in children under five is the proportion of children with a height-for-age, weight-for-height, or weight-for-age z-score, respectively, that is more than two standard deviations below the World Health Organization’s median growth reference standards for a healthy population6. Subnational estimates of CGF report substantial heterogeneity within countries, but are available primarily at the first administrative level (for example, states or provinces)7; the uneven geographical distribution of CGF has motivated further calls for assessments that can match the local scale of many public health programmes8. Building from our previous work mapping CGF in Africa9, here we provide the first, to our knowledge, mapped high-spatial-resolution estimates of CGF indicators from 2000 to 2017 across 105 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 99 of affected children live1, aggregated to policy-relevant first and second (for example, districts or counties) administrative-level units and national levels. Despite remarkable declines over the study period, many LMICs remain far from the ambitious World Health Organization Global Nutrition Targets to reduce stunting by 40 and wasting to less than 5 by 2025. Large disparities in prevalence and progress exist across and within countries; our maps identify high-prevalence areas even within nations otherwise succeeding in reducing overall CGF prevalence. By highlighting where the highest-need populations reside, these geospatial estimates can support policy-makers in planning interventions that are adapted locally and in efficiently directing resources towards reducing CGF and its health implications. © 2020, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: cardiovascular disease child health disease prevalence geographical distribution growth malnutrition morbidity mortality policy making public health World Health Organization Article child child growth child growth failure geographic distribution geographic mapping growth disorder health care disparity health care policy health program health status indicator human infant low income country middle income country practice guideline prevalence priority journal risk reduction underweight wasting syndrome Africa body weight developing country developmental disorder newborn nutritional disorder nutritional status preschool child time factor Child Nutrition Disorders Child, Preschool Developing Countries Developmental Disabilities Humans Infant, Newborn Time Factors
Page Range: pp. 231-234
Journal or Publication Title: Nature
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 577
Number: 7789
Identification Number:
ISSN: 00280836 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item