Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Production and application of biosurfactants in biotechnology

(2020) Production and application of biosurfactants in biotechnology. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry. pp. 10446-10460. ISSN 20695837 (ISSN)

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Biosurfactants possess both hydrophilic and hydrophobic areas and are generated on the microbial membrane or excreted over the outer membrane. Amphipathicity leads to reduce strength and interfacial tension between the individual molecules on the surface and the two-state immiscible sector. Regarding the low critical micelle concentration (CMC) and high surface activity, biosurfactants can be effective alternatives to their synthetic equal one. Plant-based oils and fats are used in biosurfactants production. Many wastes are produced by the oil and grease industries, tallow, residual oils, marine oils, soapstock, burnt oils, and Manipura. The operation of industrial fatty acid excesses is promising for expansion and transformation. Via making various substances like olive oil mill, acid, whey, and molasses, the agro-industry can ease biosurfactant creation. Biosurfactants have many advantages over chemical production, involving capable of decomposition higher by bacteria or living organisms, less poison, environmental concordance, higher foaming, and the rate of its selection is higher. They can also adjust to the highest salinity, pH, and temperatures and can be produced out of renewable materials, resulting in an increased demand for biosurfactants. Bioemulsifiers and biosurfactants (BSs) have various applications and are a considerable character in many industrial fields, as well as biotechnological features, including pollutant biodegradation, microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR), and pharmaceutics. This review the latest information and improvement in biosurfactant application and development for more output and future applicability. © 2020 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: CMC Microbial surfactant Oil recovery Surface tension
Page Range: pp. 10446-10460
Journal or Publication Title: Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 11
Number: 3
Identification Number:
ISSN: 20695837 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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