Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Trend of blood pressure in hypertensive and normotensive volunteers during Ramadan fasting

(2017) Trend of blood pressure in hypertensive and normotensive volunteers during Ramadan fasting. Blood Pressure Monitoring. pp. 253-257. ISSN 1359-5237

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Introduction It is believed that Ramadan fasting regulates blood pressure, heart rate, and other cardiovascular risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Patients and methods This prospective, observational study was carried out in two groups: one group included hypertensive patients treated with two antihypertensive agents (n=6) and the other group included healthy individuals (n=12). We performed 24-h blood pressure monitoring at four time points: before Ramadan, during the first and last 10 days of Ramadan, and 1 month after Ramadan. All hypertensive patients followed their twice-daily treatment regimen. Mean 24-h blood pressure (as well as mean blood pressure values during awake and sleep periods), body weight, and waist circumference were measured in the two groups. Results There were no significant differences in the trends of systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the hypertensive and nonhypertensive groups during Ramadan and 1 month after it. However, the trends of variations in heart rate and body weight were not significantly different in the two groups (P < 0.001 and P=0.016, respectively). There was a significant increase in heart rate during the first period of Ramadan in hypertensive patients (P=0.018), whereas it improved during the post-Ramadan period in comparison with the second period of measurements (P=0.019). Furthermore, there was a significant decline in heart rate during the post-Ramadan measurement compared with that before Ramadan in the nonhypertensive group (P=0.008). In addition, there was a significant weight gain in the third period in comparison with the previous period in the hypertensive group (73.1 +/- 11 vs. 72.2 +/- 12; P=0.011). Conclusion This finding indicates that Ramadan fasting might be nonthreatening for with essential hypertension if the treatment regimen is complied with. Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ambulatory blood pressure fasting hypertensive patients Ramadan trends therapy Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Page Range: pp. 253-257
Journal or Publication Title: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 22
Number: 5
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1359-5237
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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