Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Wide distribution of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in burns patients in Iran

(2015) Wide distribution of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in burns patients in Iran. Frontiers in Microbiology. p. 10. ISSN 1664-302X

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Antimicrobial resistance in carbapenem non-susceptible Acinetobacter baumannil (CNSAb) is a major public health concern globally. This study determined the antibiotic resistance and molecular epidemiology of CNSAb isolates from a referral burn center in Tehran, Iran. Sixty-nine CNSAb isolates were tested for susceptibility to antimicrobial agents using the E test methodology. Multiple locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and multiplex PCR were performed. PCR assays tested for ambler classes A, B, and D Hactamases. Detection of ISAbal, characterization of integrons, and biofilm formation were investigated. Fifty-three (77) isolates revealed XDR phenotypes. High prevalence of bia(OXA23-)like (88) and b/a(PER1) (54) were detected. ISAbal was detected upstream of b/a(APC), b/a(OXA23)-like and b1a(OXA15)-like genes in, 97, 42, and 26 of isolates, respectively. Thirty-one (45) isolates were assigned to international clone (IC) variants. MLVA identified 56 distinct types with six clusters and 53 singleton genotypes. Forty previously known MLST sequence types forming 5 clonal complexes were identified. The Class 1 integron (class 1 integrons) gene was identified in 84 of the isolates. The most prevalent (33) cassette combination was aacA4-catB8-aadAl. The IC variants were predominant in the A. baumannii lineage with the ability to form strong biofilms. The XDR-CNSAb from burned patients in Iran is resistant to various antimicrobials, including tigecycline. This study shows wide genetic diversity in CNSAb. Integrating the new Iranian A. baurnannii IC variants into the epidemiologic clonal and susceptibility profile databases can help effective global control measures against the XDR-CNSAb pandemic.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance MLST MLVA international clone integron intensive-care-unit class 1 integron prevalent oxa carbapenemases spectrum beta-lactamase multiplex pcr molecular epidemiology bacterial-resistance emergence genes expression Microbiology
Page Range: p. 10
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Microbiology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 6
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1664-302X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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