Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

A survey of breast cancer knowledge and attitude in Iranian women

(2012) A survey of breast cancer knowledge and attitude in Iranian women. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. pp. 46-49. ISSN 0973-1482

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Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among Iranian women. It is recommended that women be under national screening for early detection of cases to improve survival and decrease mortality. Because of shortage of facilities, breast self-examination (BSE) instead of clinical-based examination (CBE) and mammography is advocated as the first step of screening in developing countries including Iran. It is quite clear that the related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the community is necessary to have a successful screening program particularly for BSE. Materials and Methods: A community-based descriptive study on 650 females aged more than 18 years was carried out with a well-structured and valid questionnaire to demonstrate the knowledge and practice of women for BSE, CBE and mammography. Results: The mean age of participants was 40.72 years with standard deviation (SD) of 9.58. Eighty-two point six percent (82.6) were married and 48.4 were post graduates. A painless mass (60.8) and bloody discharge (44.9) were reported as the two important symptoms for BC. In this assay, 80.3 of participants knew females are at risk of BC and 70.6 of them perceived that early detection and operation in early stages are effective issues. Thirty point eight percent (30.8) of respondents knew the BSE and this knowledge had significant association with their educational status. Fifty-nine point nine percent (59.9) of participants were able to do BSE but only 12.9 of respondents practiced BSE regularly. Conclusion: Community awareness and education level are important elements in BSE as a substitute for traditional screening in BC for early detection.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Breast cancer detection screening self-examination follow-up mammography Oncology
Page Range: pp. 46-49
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0973-1482
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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