Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Nasal Reconstruction: Experience Using Tissue Expansion and Forehead Flap

(2011) Nasal Reconstruction: Experience Using Tissue Expansion and Forehead Flap. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. pp. 1478-1484. ISSN 0278-2391

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Purpose: The forehead is acknowledged to be one of the best, if not the best, donor sites for reconstruction of postoperative nasal defects after ablation in cancer patients. The versatility, color match, and texture are among the benefits of this flap. However, it has 2 major disadvantages: 1) it is stiff, flat, and thicker than normal nasal skin, and thus molding from a 2-dimensional to a 3-dimensional shape is difficult, and 2) there is a donor-site defect that requires coverage using a split-thickness skin graft. Patients and Methods: In this 5-year study (2004-2009), we modified the 2-stage technique and added an operation before tissue transfer and pedicle division in 48 patients with nasal defects. During the first stage, the tumor was completely excised, and a tissue expander was inserted in the subgaleal plane. After 3 weeks, expansion was initiated. The second operation was performed 12 weeks later. A full-thickness forehead flap was elevated and transposed with primary closure of the donor site. In a third or final stage 3 weeks later, the pedicle was divided. Patient satisfaction and donor site scar was evaluated. Results: Over the past 5 years, 48 reconstructions for nasal defects were performed using this technique. Nasal defects of the dorsum, alar, tip, columella, and septum were successfully treated. Graft take was successful in all patients. Conclusions: The forehead flap technique, in conjunction with tissue expander for nasal repair, has both advantages and disadvantages. The esthetic benefits of this technique must be weighed against the disadvantages. (C) 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:1478-1484, 2011

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Page Range: pp. 1478-1484
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 69
Number: 5
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0278-2391
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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