Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Effect of depression on health care utilization in patients with end-stage renal disease treated with hemodialysis

(2009) Effect of depression on health care utilization in patients with end-stage renal disease treated with hemodialysis. European Journal of Internal Medicine. pp. 411-414. ISSN 0953-6205

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:


Background and objectives: Depression is regarded as the most common psychiatric abnormality in patients on hemodialysis (HD) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although several studies have demonstrated a relationship between depression and utilization of health care in ESRD and other chronic illnesses in developing countries, such evidence from hemodialysis patients is lacking in Iran. This study aims to investigate the effect of depression on health care utilization among Iranian hemodialysis patients. Design: A longitudinal study. Setting: Baqiyatallah Hospital (Tehran, Iran) between 2005 and 2006. Patients: Of the 70 enrolled hemodialysis patients, 68 finished the study including 19 depressed and 49 non-depressed ones according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Measurements: The subjects' health care utilization in a six-month period was prospectively assessed by recording the hospital admission and home nurse visits, outpatient physician visits, and patients' emergency department visits for any medical reason. The results were subsequently compared between the study groups. Results: A higher hospital admission rate (94.7 vs. 55.1, p=.002; Pearson's chi-square test) as well as a higher likelihood of emergency department visits (73.7 vs. 40.8, p = 0.002; Pearson's chi-square test) was seen in depressed patients. The frequencies of the other types of health care utilization were not statistically different between the two groups (p>0.05, Pearson's chi-square test). Conclusion: Depression in hemodialysis patients is associated with higher rate of hospital admission, and prospective studies should be conducted to assess whether treatment of depression will decrease health care utilization in these patients. (C) 2009 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: End-stage renal disease Hemodialysis Depression Health resources Delivery of health care Health care costs quality-of-life hospital utilization united-states dialysis anxiety mortality risk maintenance complaints costs General & Internal Medicine
Page Range: pp. 411-414
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 20
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0953-6205
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item