Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Synaptosomal GABA uptake decreases in paraoxon-treated rat brain

(2008) Synaptosomal GABA uptake decreases in paraoxon-treated rat brain. Toxicology. pp. 42-48. ISSN 0300-483X

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A synaptosomal model was used to evaluate in vivo effects of paraoxon on the uptake of H-3GABA in rat cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Male Wistar rats were given a single intraperitoneal injection of one of three doses of paraoxon (0.1, 0.3, or 0.7 mg/kg),and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the plasma, cerebral cortex, and hippocampus was measured at 30 min, 4 h, and 18 h after exposure. H-3GABA uptake in synaptosomes was also studied in another series of animals. Paraoxon administration (0.3 and 0.7 mg/kg) caused significant inhibition of AChE activity in the plasma and both brain areas at all time points. 0.1 mg/kg paraoxon significantly inhibited AChE activity but only in the plasma for 4 h, the activity was completely recovered at 18 h. GABA uptake was significantly (p < 0.001) reduced in both cerebral cortex (18-32%) and hippocampal (16-23%) synaptosomes at all three time points after administering 0.7 mg/kg of paraoxon, a dose that seems to be sufficient to induce seizure activity. L-DABA, an inhibitor of neuronal GABA transporter, allowed us to conclude that the uptake was mediated primarily by neuronal GABA transporter GAT-1. In conclusion, present data suggests that GABA uptake by synaptosomes decreases probably secondary to paraoxon-induced seizure activity. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: paraoxon synaptosome GABA uptake seizure gamma-aminobutyric-acid cholinesterase inhibition glutamate release induced seizure soman mechanisms transporter Pharmacology & Pharmacy Toxicology
Page Range: pp. 42-48
Journal or Publication Title: Toxicology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 244
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0300-483X
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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