Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype and YMDD motif mutation profile among patients infected with HBV and untreated with lamivudine

(2008) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype and YMDD motif mutation profile among patients infected with HBV and untreated with lamivudine. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. pp. 83-87. ISSN 1201-9712

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Objectives: A few reports exist on hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype distribution in Iran; however the sample sizes of these studies are insufficient. The first objective of this study was to determine the HBV genotype distribution with a large sample size (147 specimens). The second objective was to determine the incidence of the lamivudine-resistant YMDD mutant profile among HBV-infected patients not treated with lamivudine; some studies have reported that YMDD mutants are detectable even before antiviral treatment. Methods: We used two cost-effective PCR-based methods that have been developed in-house: gap-PCR and artificially created restriction site-PCR (ACRS-PCR). Also, 11 samples were randomly selected and bi-directionally sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis. Results: Gap-PCR results revealed genotype D of HBV in all patients, and ACRS-PCR results disclosed the absence of mutation within the YMDD motif before antiviral therapy in the study population. Phylogenetic analysis supported the former genotyping results with the segregation of all Iranian HBV isotates in the genotype D branch with a high bootstrap value (99, 1000 replicates). Conclusions: The present study using two cost-effective methods showed that genotype D of HBV is dominant among Iranian HBV-infected subjects, and HBV lamivudine-resistant strains do not exist naturally among Iranian patients not treated with lamivudine. (C) 2007 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: hepatitis B virus genotype YMDD motif untreated patients Iran identification carriers mutants strains trial pcr Infectious Diseases
Page Range: pp. 83-87
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1201-9712
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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