Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Iranian model of renal allograft transplantation in 3028 recipients: Survival and risk factors

(2007) Iranian model of renal allograft transplantation in 3028 recipients: Survival and risk factors. Transplantation Proceedings. pp. 907-910. ISSN 0041-1345

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Background. Considering the organ shortage crisis for renal transplantation worldwide, assessing the risk factors to establish better allocation strategies to improve graft survival seems to be crucial. Objectives. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors influencing graft and patient survival after renal transplantation to construct a model of prognostic factors for living renal transplantation (LRT), namely living unrelated renal transplantation (LURT). Methods. We designed a retrospective multicenter survey including medical record review of 3028 patients who received renal transplants at 2 hospitals between July 1984 and December 2005. We assessed the impact on graft survival of recipient/donor relationship, recipient age and gender, donor age and gender, and viral hepatitis B and C infections. Results. Among 3028 recipients, including 94.8 primary grafts, 63.4 were men, mean SE of age 36.4 +/- 0.3 years, with mostly end-stage renal disease due to diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or glomerulonephritis. One-, 5-, 10- and 15-year graft survival rates were 85.4, 68.3, 46.4, and 23.8, respectively. Patient survival rates were 93.4, 87.5, 79.4, and 66.4 at the above intervals, respectively. Donor age (relative hazard RH, 1.024; P <.001), unrelated donors (RH, 1.7; P <.001), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (RH, 2.65; P <.001) were the only significant factors affecting graft survival. Conclusion. Increased donor age, unrelated donor, and HCV infection were significant factors negatively impacting graft survival; thus, proper management of these factors may lead to better graft and patient survival.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: hepatitis-c virus living-unrelated donors kidney-transplantation graft-survival patient survival impact infection rejection cadaver age Immunology Surgery Transplantation
Page Range: pp. 907-910
Journal or Publication Title: Transplantation Proceedings
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 39
Number: 4
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0041-1345
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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