Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Effect of paraoxon on the synaptosomal GABA uptake in rat hippocampus and cerebral cortex

(2009) Effect of paraoxon on the synaptosomal GABA uptake in rat hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Physiology and Pharmacology. pp. 130-138. ISSN 17350581 (ISSN)

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Introduction: Paraoxon is the neurotoxic metabolite of organophosphorus (OP) insecticide parathion and causes acute toxicity by inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). AChE inhibition leads to the accumulation of acetylcholine in cholinergic synapses and hence results in an overstimulation of the cholinergic system. Reports on changes in the level of γ- amino butyric acid (GABA) during OP-induced convulsion have been controversial. In the present study we used cortical and hippocampal synaptosomes from rats after paraoxon poisoning to study the alterations of GABA uptake. Methods: Male Wistar rats (200-270 g) were used in this study. Animals were given a single intraperitoneal injection of corn oil (control group) or paraoxon (0.1, 0.3, or 0.7 mg/kg). 3H GABA uptake by cortical and hippocampal synaptosomes was measured 30 min, 4 h, and 18 h after exposure (n = 7 rats/group). Type of transporter involved in the uptake was also determined by using β-alnine and L-diaminobutyric acid (L-DABA), which are glial and neuronal GABA uptake inhibitors, respectively. Results: GABA uptake was significantly (p<0.001) reduced by both cortical (18-32%) and hippocampal (16-21%) synaptosomes compared with their respective control groups at all 3 time points after administration of the convulsive dose (0.7 mg/kg) of paraoxon. β-alnine had no inhibitory effect on the uptake, whereas L-DABA abolished most of the transporter mediated GABA uptake. Conclusion: Our results showed that GABA uptake did not change in groups treated with 2 lower doses of paraoxon, which may indicate that the decrease of GABA uptake is convulsion-related. The decrease in GABA uptake, which is probably due to a change in the function of GABA transporters, may represent a compensatory response modulating neuronal overexcitation. Most of synaptosomal GABA uptake was blocked by L-DABA, indicating that the uptake was primarily carried out by a neuronal GABA transporter (GAT), GAT-1.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cerebral cortex GABA uptake Hippocampus Paraoxon Synaptosome 4 aminobutyric acid 4 aminobutyric acid carrier beta alanine corn oil diaminobutyric acid 4 aminobutyric acid uptake animal experiment article brain cortex brain synaptosome controlled study convulsion drug effect drug exposure drug intoxication glia cell male nerve cell nonhuman protein function rat
Page Range: pp. 130-138
Journal or Publication Title: Physiology and Pharmacology
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 13
Number: 2
ISSN: 17350581 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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