Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Identify coping mechanisms to deal with stressors in military personnel

(2020) Identify coping mechanisms to deal with stressors in military personnel. Journal of Military Medicine. pp. 244-251. ISSN 17351537 (ISSN)

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Background and Aim: Military personnel face many stressors. This study aimed to identify coping mechanisms in the face of stressors in military personnel. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study 384 of staff affiliated to Iranian Navy Force, who were selected by cluster random sampling. Data collection tools were demographic questionnaire, a military stressors questionnaire developed by Azad Marzabadi and Lazarus-Folkman's coping mechanisms questionnaire. Stressors were evaluated in six areas (factors related to the region of workplace, social, occupational, personal, familial and military-related factors) and coping mechanisms in eight subscales including; confronting coping, distancing, self-controlling, seeking social support, accepting responsibility, escape-avoidance, planful problem solving, and positive reappraisal. Results: Among the stressors, the highest level of stress was related to the military with an average of 17.95. The most common coping mechanism was positive reappraisal with an average of 10.65. The mean use of problem-oriented mechanisms was significantly higher than emotion-driven mechanisms (P<0.001). There was a direct and positive relationship between most stressors and emotion-driven mechanisms, and there was a negative and reverse relationship with problem-oriented mechanisms. Conclusion: The study found that participants were more likely to use problem-oriented mechanisms in coping with stressors. However, it is necessary to take appropriate measures to reduce the use of emotion-based solutions and also to strengthen the use of problem-oriented coping mechanisms. © 2020 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Coping Mechanisms Military Forces Stressors
Page Range: pp. 244-251
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Military Medicine
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 22
Number: 3
Identification Number:
ISSN: 17351537 (ISSN)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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