Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Synthesis of Acrylic Acid Polymer Hydrogel Nano Fe3O4 to Remove Ammonia from Sugarcane Field Waste

(2020) Synthesis of Acrylic Acid Polymer Hydrogel Nano Fe3O4 to Remove Ammonia from Sugarcane Field Waste. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. p. 10. ISSN 1687-8434

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Ammonia is the most essential hydrogenated nitrogen composition that can cause problems when it enters the environment. One of the most important natural and synthetic adsorbents is hydrogels, which can reduce the economic costs of treating industrial effluents and minimize the concentration of ammonia in the drainage of sugarcane fields. In this study, carrageenan, which is a type of polysaccharide, and acrylic acid were used to prepare nanomagnetic hydrogels. Also, the effect of pH, concentration, and temperature on the amount of ammonia adsorption was analyzed by the spectrophotometer, and finally, the adsorption property of the hydrogel was analyzed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results of scanning electron microscopy show that there are holes in the hydrogel surface that increase the rate of adsorption. Experimental data from the spectrophotometer show that the rate of ammonia adsorption increases by about 50 over 80 minutes as its concentration in the effluent increases. The inflation rate of these hydrogels was selected to be 991.52 (mg/g) under optimal conditions, and the nanomagnetic hydrogel adsorption capacity remained constant at a pH range of 4 to 9, while when the pH was below four or above 9, the capacity of adsorption shows a slight decrease. Adsorption by acrylic hydrogels is significant. There is an issue that by modifying the acrylic compounds in the production of the hydrogel, it is possible to absorb the heavy elements or colors in the best way and also to achieve high efficiency. Also, by increasing the amount of adsorbent nanomagnetic hydrogel up to 40 mg led to the adsorption of 89.16, 32.50, and 31.11 of ammonia in three pools of the test site, respectively. The results also show that the use of iron oxide nanoparticles in the hydrogel substrate has increased thermal stability by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) which shows that at 650 degrees centigrade, kappa-carrageenan, hydrogels, and nanomagnetic hydrogels have a weight loss of 72.66, 58.79, and 52.39, respectively. Studies have shown that the kappa-carrageenan-based hydrogel nanocomposite is more cost-effective, while it is more efficient at absorbing NH4+. Therefore, this adsorbent can be a promising material in terms of economic as well as its effectiveness in eliminating ammonia from sewage. Investigations were performed for ammonia desorption and the reusability of nanomagnetic hydrogels. Also, the rate of ammonia adsorption by nanomagnetic hydrogels after 6 cycles of recovery cycle using NaCl can be about 43 of the initial rate. All statistical studies were performed by Minitab software version 18 and considering p value = 0.05.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: nanocomposite performance adsorption water Materials Science
Page Range: p. 10
Journal or Publication Title: Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 2020
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1687-8434
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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