Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Effects of bilayer nanofibrillar scaffolds containing epidermal growth factor onfull-thicknesswound healing

(2020) Effects of bilayer nanofibrillar scaffolds containing epidermal growth factor onfull-thicknesswound healing. Polymers for Advanced Technologies. pp. 2443-2452. ISSN 1042-7147

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Wound healing refers to a complex, dynamic process in the body, especially the skin, which influences the quality of life of millions of people each year. Electrospinning is an efficient and economic technique for the production of micro- to nano-fibrillar constructs as drug delivery systems with biomedical applications. In this study, we designed an electrospun bilayer fibrillar scaffold immobilized with epidermal growth factor (EGF), using polycaprolactone (PCL) as the upper layer and chitosan (CS)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as the lower layer of wound dressing. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized to characterize the scaffolds. The water uptake, release potency, and toxicity of scaffolds were evaluated, and also then DAPI staining and MTT assay after seeding adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Finally, the effects of the scaffolds on the wound healing process were investigated in a mouse model of full-thickness skin injury. The results of SEM demonstrated continuous, smooth, bead-free, and randomly aligned fibers. The average diameter of CS/PVA nanofibers was 238.36 +/- 36.99, and the mean diameter of PCL nanofibers was 1271.79 +/- 428.49 nm. The scaffolds were capable of cell seeding and supported their growth and proliferation. Furthermore, in the comparison between designed composite as dressing patch and control group (Vaseline), our composite demonstrated significant differences, so that EGF-immobilized patch efficiently accelerated wound closure and improved histological healing in an in vivo full-thickness wound healing mouse model. The present results suggest the potential of the designed electrospun bilayer fibrillar scaffold containing EGF for the treatment of full-thickness wounds and skin regeneration.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: chitosan polyvinyl alcohol polycaprolactone epidermal growth factor (EGF) mesenchymal stem cells skin regeneration wound healing stem-cells delivery chitosan/pva mat Polymer Science
Page Range: pp. 2443-2452
Journal or Publication Title: Polymers for Advanced Technologies
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 31
Number: 11
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1042-7147
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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