Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Polysaccharides from Marine Enteromorpha: Structure and function

(2020) Polysaccharides from Marine Enteromorpha: Structure and function. Trends in Food Science & Technology. pp. 11-20. ISSN 0924-2244

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Background: Marine Enteromorpha polysaccharides (EPPs) have been reported to present various physiological and bioactivities based on their specific chemical structures, such as monosaccharide compositions and glycosidic linkages. Scope and approach: However, the structure-activity relationship of Enteromorpha polysaccharides is mostly unknown. This review aims to provide a brief summary of structural, functional, and chemical characteristics of Enteromorpha polysaccharides. Key findings and conclusions: Modified Enteromorpha polysaccharides have several powerful bioactive functions. Sulfated EPPs with lower molecular weights were found to exhibit excellent immune-relevant and antioxidant activities. Carboxymethylated, hydroxamated, phthaloyl, and acetylated derivatives also showed significantly enhanced antioxidant and antibacterial activities as well as moisture absorbing capacities. EPPs were considered as novel natural agents, exhibiting outstanding druggable effects compared with ordinary drugs. However, the structure-function relationships of them are yet to be clearly established. The purpose of this overview is focusing on the current advances in the structural characterization, biological activities and mechanisms of action of Enteromorpha polysaccharides.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Enteromorpha Modified polysaccharides Chemical compositions Biological activities molecular-weight polysaccharide gastric-cancer cells sulfated polysaccharides immunomodulatory activity in-vitro degraded polysaccharides antioxidant activities biological-activities antitumor-activity antibacterial activity Food Science & Technology
Page Range: pp. 11-20
Journal or Publication Title: Trends in Food Science & Technology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 99
Identification Number:
ISSN: 0924-2244
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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