Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences

Delayed effects of sulfur mustard on autophagy suppression in chemically-injured lung tissue

(2020) Delayed effects of sulfur mustard on autophagy suppression in chemically-injured lung tissue. International Immunopharmacology. p. 8. ISSN 1567-5769

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Background: Autophagy is an intracellular hemostasis mechanism, responding to extracellular or intracellular stresses. Sulfur mustard (SM) induces cellular stress. Iranian soldiers exposed to SM gas, during the Iraq-Iran war, suffer from delayed complications even 30 years after exposure. In this study, for exploring the SM effect on autophagy pathway, gene and protein expression of autophagy markers are evaluated in the lung of SM-exposed people. Methods: 52 FFPE lung tissues of SM-exposed people and 33 lung paraffin blocks of non-exposed patients to SM were selected. LC3 and Berlin-1 mRNA expressions were evaluated by QRT-PCR. LC3-B protein and LC3II/LC3I proteins ratio were detected by Immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting method. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS, and P value <= 0.05 was considered significant. Results: LC3 gene expression in SM-exposed subjects (median CT value = 4.97) increased about 4 fold compared with the control group (median CT value = 0.46, P = 0.025). Berlin-1 mRNA expression had not significant difference between two groups. After adjusting the confounding variables such as drug usage, LC3-B protein (P = 0.041) and LC3II/LC3I ratio (P = 0.044) were found significantly lower in the lung cells of SM-exposed group. Conclusion: Upon exposure to SM gas, the lung cells are affected by acute cellular stress such as oxidative stress. The study results show that LC3 mRNA level increases in these patients, but, surprisingly, LC3-B protein via unknown mechanism has been down-regulated. N-acetyl cysteine and salbutamol drugs could induce the autophagy, and help to reduce the SM effects and improve the clinical condition of SM-injured patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3-B (LC3-B) Beclin-1 Autophagy Mustard gas Lung Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tnf-alpha cells macroautophagy apoptosis pathways exposure skin Immunology Pharmacology & Pharmacy
Page Range: p. 8
Journal or Publication Title: International Immunopharmacology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 80
Identification Number:
ISSN: 1567-5769
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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